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96), in which he asserts the apostolic authority of the bishops/presbyters as rulers of the church.
The epistle mentions episkopoi (overseers, bishops) or presbyteroi (elders, presbyters) as the upper class of minister, served by the deacons, but, since it does not mention himself, it gives no indication of the title or titles used for Clement in Rome. Finding on his arrival that the prisoners were suffering from lack of water, he knelt down in prayer.
There is also, however, no evidence of a change occurring in ecclesiastical organization in the latter half of the 2nd century, which would indicate that a new or newly-monarchical episcopacy was establishing itself.
While in the mid-19th century it was customary to identify him as a freedman of Titus Flavius Clemens, who was consul with his cousin, the Emperor Domitian, this identification, which no ancient sources suggest, afterwards lost support.
Clement's only existing, genuine text is a letter to the Christian congregation in Corinth, often called the First Epistle of Clement or 1 Clement.
The history of 1 Clement clearly and continuously shows Clement as the author of this letter.
He is commemorated on 23 November in the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and the Lutheran Church.According to tradition, Clement was imprisoned under the Emperor Trajan; during this time he is recorded to have led a ministry among fellow prisoners.Thereafter he was executed by being tied to an anchor and thrown into the sea.His letter, which is one of the oldest extant Christian documents outside the New Testament, was read in church, along with other epistles, some of which later became part of the Christian canon.These works were the first to affirm the apostolic authority of the clergy.